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Tough choices

At a time in which the Egyptian people are wondering where the Egyptian government is, what is the parliament doing to control the markets, and who will save them from these crazy prices? While no one is answering these questions, and no one is thinking of the people amidst all our current crises, we were …

Abdallah Al-Moghazy

Egypt’s economy: outlook and challenges in the eyes of international financial institutions 

After several years marked by turbulence and uncertainty, Egypt’s economy encountered numerous challenges, from political unrest and declining tourism, to foreign currency and fuel shortages, which led the government to adopt an economic reform programme to improve Egypt’s public finances. Between September and November 2016, authorities introduced the value-added tax law (VAT), a free-floating currency, …

Mohamed Samir

Protecting the Vulnerable During Egypt’s Economic Reform

Restoring economic stability is not easy, as Egypt’s President Sisi has said many times. The country faces three interlinked problems: an urgent balance of payments problem—which means more foreign currency has been going out the door than coming in—rising public debt, as well as low growth and high unemployment. With help from the IMF, Egypt has …

Chris Jarvis

Prospects and risks of Egypt’s ambitious economic reform programme, according to the IMF 

Since 2011, political and regional developments have taken a significant toll on the Egyptian economy. Underlying structural challenges and the prolonged political transition led to the build-up of macroeconomic imbalances. A significantly overvalued exchange rate undermined competitiveness and depleted reserves. Weak revenue, combined with poorly targeted subsidies and a growing public sector wage bill, resulted …

Mohamed Samir

Slovenia seeks economic relations with Egypt, condemns church attack: ambassador 

Relations between Egypt and Slovenia have been on a steady path in the last year. On 5 December, President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi received his Slovenian counterpart Borut Pahor. The visit was considered the first of the Slovenian president to Egypt. The Egypt-Slovenia Business Forum was held on 6 December, where three Egyptian companies signed cooperation …

Maya Nawar

The illusion of subsidising—Part II

I have many friends who once belonged to the middle class. They did not need state subsidies because they were able to live and afford education, healthcare, transportation, etc. for their children. However, the government’s decisions came against the wish of the people. Those friends turned from belonging to a “saving” class into classes that …

Emad El-Sayed

How should the government pace its reforms after the IMF loan approval?

On 11 November, the executive board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved a $12bn three-year extended fund facility for Egypt, in support of the government’s economic reform programme. Ever since negotiations with the IMF started, the government has implemented a number of economic reforms, including passing the civil service and value-added tax laws, floating …

Hisham Salah

Social safety nets can be a lifeline for victims of pound flotation

I decided to swim against the tide that accompanied the flotation of the Egyptian pound, the rumbling flood of comments on social media networks and opinion articles that filled newspapers and websites. Everyone is talking about the flotation and cuts to fuel subsidies, some people understand what they are talking about while others are driven …

Hany Aboul Fotouh

Will Egypt follow the example of Brazil or Argentina in dealing with the IMF?

Following the implementation of all of the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) preconditions for the three-year, $12bn loan Egypt is bent on receiving, the government submitted a letter of intent to the IMF executive board two days ago. A letter of intent outlines one or more agreements between the two parties before the conclusive agreement is …

Shaimaa Al-Aees